Sermon given 28 June 2003

Philadelphian Leadership

by Jon Bowles

(PLAY FROM START)

One thing Satan does is that he 'babylonianizes' words. He takes words and he twists them and Babylon means - well the word 'babble', means to talk in an indistinct way. And you get religious-sounding words like 'salvation' and it means almost nothing. It doesn't mean the rescue - which is literally what it means. Repentance, justification - and even the name Jesus Christ has totally different connotation. The word 'Christ' means Messiah. Messiah has more of a ring to it. Faith or love or charity, all these kind of religious-sounding words; they have been babylonianized.

It is also true when you look at what has happened within the Church in recent times, recent days. That other things that we have also used within the Church have been babylonianized. Things like a 'Christ-like individual'; do you remember that being used? It was used in the past and we understood what Christ was; He was the Messiah and we had an understanding of this Christ - He qualified as our example and we must do likewise. We must overcome Satan, and so on. But it is all looking forward to a future role.

But that was then babylonianized, it was twisted and it means this kind of nebulous view of Christ as being basically just a 'do-gooder.' It was taken away, the whole concept was watered down. Even the concept of - "By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another." (John 13:35). This concept was also watered down. The context in scripture is the love for another within the Church. And it was then extended into an infinite degree, again out to the outside, doing good works, and taking various items of clothes down to Yugoslavia and various other things. The whole thing was changed, it was babylonianized.

The concept of 'we are family' is another one that was babylonianized and twisted, and yet you know; that is true, we are family. And today I want to examine leadership, because that's very much what we are being called to - to be leaders, to be teachers in the world tomorrow. And in the case of teachers it is both king and a priest, it is king-priests. And leadership is very much part of the job that we have to learn today. But the kind of leadership that we specifically need to learn, within the Church today, is a Philadelphian leadership. So if you want to put a title for the Bible Study, it is 'Philadelphian Leadership.'

If you want to turn to Revelation 2. Now there are various ideas on this that you can in fact take all these aspects and you can apply them unto each and every era. Yes, you probably can; but the way I was taught within college - in fact I have got my notes in my Bible beside each of these passages - is that when you come to the rewards applying to each era, they do indicate to some degree, some special aspect of the reward for that era. It is not just a general thing. Yes, certainly you can say that, for instance, if you look in Revelation 2:7 it says:

"...To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life..." (Revelation 2:7)

Now all of us will have that. But there is more to it than that. And for the Ephesus Church, there is an indication that these people will make it, but that is about it, they will just make it. It doesn't mean that they will make it by the skin of their teeth, it means that is their reward. The reward is that they will make it and they will have a certain position but that is the reward. In Revelation 2:11:

"He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death." (Revelation 2:11)

So that when we are looking at Smyrna, we are also looking at an era that makes it. When you come however to Pergamos, in Revelation 2:17 it says:

"...To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it." (Revelation 2:17)

So this is a little rulership. It is a moderate amount of rulership. It is something a little bit more than the other two eras. There is something a little bit more profound there. In Revelation 2:26:

"And he that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end, to him will I give power over the nations:" (Revelation 2:26)

Now there is real rulership, so the Thyatira era seems to be given real rulership and a very high position within the Government of God. If you come to Sardis however, in Revelation 3:5 it says:

"He that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment; and I will not blot out his name out of the book of life..." (Revelation 3:5)

Again they have made it, but that is it. There is not the kind of promise that is given in the context of Thyatira, the one that precedes them. When you come to Revelation 3:12, we find here:

"Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and I will write upon him my new name." (Revelation 3:12)

Now we have understood that; and this again is the notes that I had from college, is that there is probably, it is actually talking about academic rulership. These are the pillars, the uprights, that support the very Temple of God and you are looking at a spiritual temple. It is to do with the Way of God, to do with the Words of God. It is academic, because we are to be kings and Priests, and the priests are the trainers, the teachers and it is the rulership within this teaching function. So really Philadelphian leadership has a great deal.

Let's face it, the other eras did not have the Bible available to them like we do. We have an enormous advantage having scripture available to us. It just was not available to them in the previous eras. It has been recorded and preserved right through to our day for us. And these pillars support the very temple itself. And it is interesting as well, that when you come to Laodicea, Revelation 3:21 it says:

"To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne." (Revelation 3:21)

It is real rulership for Laodicea. Those who - although through tribulation - actually qualify, that overcome, they are able to have real rulership within the Kingdom of God. They will be in prominent positions. And that is the way that we were taught in college. That is the way I remember being taught within the Church back in the 1960's - that these do indicate something slightly different for each era. Although, yes obviously, to have eternal life applies in all cases, but it gives an indication of the rulership level.

Mr Armstrong in his 'The Autobiography Chapter 1 ' he said:

"As a young man I read Benjamin Franklin's Autobiography...There were other autobiographies - Bernard Baruch, biographies of George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, Theodore Roosevelt and many others."

"Then [in scripture] there was the apostle Paul, Jesus Himself...Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Joshua, Samuel, David, Elijah..." 'The Autobiography Chapter 1 '

He is giving all these accounts and he then starts talking about his own life. He said:

"...reading of such lives, played their part in carrying me through an eventful life, filled with interesting, exciting and unusual experiences. They have helped solve problems, meet difficulties, sorrows, sufferings. They have contributed also to successes, and the joy of participating in great accomplishments." 'The Autobiography Chapter 1 '

So Mr Armstrong actually learnt from other people outside. Ordinary, carnal human beings. And what I will be doing in the sermon today, I will be drawing to some degree on this little book, it is called, 'Of Interest to Executives.' It is a book that was given to us within college, part I believe it was, of the executive training programme which we had in the fourth year; the final year of college. And it was written back in 1955, they were a series of monthly letters that were published by the Royal Bank of Canada. Within them were letters that were published and then compiled and made into this little book and it has some gems. I mean, if you go back and read Proverbs, you will find that Proverbs in fact is a compilation of worthwhile sayings that Solomon compiled. Now it is scripture, it is canon, but he was the one who actually compiled it.

I have got six points that I would like to get through, and through each of the points, apart from the last one, I would like to quote a little bit from this book, because there are certain things that are being brought out that are pertinent to us in this subject of Philadelphian leadership. The type of leadership that we need and we need to understand:

Philadelphia (PLAY FROM 12:31)

When we look at the word 'Philadelphia'; now you might think it was just the name of a city on a mail route - what difference does it make about the actual name? But you will find that Peter was named Peter by Christ, his parents gave him the name of Simon, son of Jonah, but Christ called him Peter, the pebble, because of the rock. He also called James and John, sons of thunder, so Christ gave names to things. And if you go back you find He got Adam to give names to all the animals and whatever he called them, 'big nose' for an elephant, however he termed all these various animals; that was the name of them.

You even find in Revelation about Jerusalem being called Sodom and Egypt. It is a descriptive term of what was actually going on and it is something that we need to understand that when God calls something, something, then there is something within that name. It means something.

Philadelphia : 'philia' is love or affection, it can actually means to kiss. Where is says that when Judas came up and kissed Christ, it says he came up and philiaed Him. So it is affection basically. And 'adelphos' is brotherly or of a family. So those two words together give you the word Philadelphia which means brotherly love or brotherly kindness.

If we look at the five places it is also mentioned, apart from Revelation 3 - it is only in Revelation 3, that Philadelphia the place is mentioned; but you can find over in Romans 12:3 here how different gifts are being discussed:

"For I say, through the grace given unto me, to every man that is among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think; but to think soberly, according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith. For as we have many members in one body, and all members have not the same office: So we, being many, are one body in Christ..." (Romans 12:3-5)

And there is an aspect, yes we are. The Church is our mother, certainly symbolically the Church is our mother, as is going to be definitely in the future; but there is another analogy as well, and that is that we are in the body of Christ, as Eve was in the body of Adam prior to Eve's creation. So we are in the body of Christ prior to our creation into being the very bride of Christ. Romans 12:5:

"So we, being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another. Having then gifts differing according to the grace that is given to us, whether prophecy, let us prophesy according to the proportion of faith [for someone to get up here and give a sermon or a Bible Study or whatever, that is a form of prophecy and if that's the case then do it according to the faith being given to us]; Or ministry or service, let us wait on our ministering: - and deacons are in this case. I think the word might even be diakanos [Strongs G1248] or he that teacheth, on teaching; Or he that exhorteth, on exhortation: he that giveth, let him do it with simplicity [liberally]; he that ruleth, with diligence; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness." (Romans 12:5-8)

In other words, whatever we are placed in, whatever position of authority, of leadership in which we are placed, we must do it to the best of our ability as part of an overall body. Now it goes on into the use of this word philadelphia, Romans 12:9 says:

"Let love be without dissimulation. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good. Be kindly affectioned one to another with [philadelphia, that is where it is used]; in honour preferring one another;" Romans 12:9-10)

In other words, we are part of the same family and being part of that family, we do these various things within the beginning part of Romans 12 because we are part of that family, showing this brotherly love, this family type of love. And when you are looking at Philadelphian leadership we should be reflecting that type of leadership. It is a leadership that is led by a real concern for one another, and we must do that within our own lives. It is something that we have got to learn. As we will go on, we'll find that we can do this in many small ways. Every single member within the Church can do this. Every single one of us has got a certain responsibility.

Another place that it is mentioned I Thessalonians 4:3, this one is interesting that the context says:

"For this is the will of God, even your sanctification [setting apart for a holy purpose], that ye should abstain from fornication: That every one of you should know how to possess his vessel in sanctification and honour [his vessel being presumably his wife, you will find that over in I Peter 3:7]; Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God [not incoming lust]: That no man go beyond and defraud his brother [through going and sleeping with somebody else in an illicit relationship, it is talking about fornication, pornea] in any matter [or in this matter]: because that the Lord is the avenger of all such, as we also have forewarned you and testified." (I Thessalonians 4:3-6)

In other words, don't go ahead and defraud somebody else of what is rightfully theirs. You don't go ahead and sleep with someone else's girlfriend because they are going to be a wife one day, or with someone else's boyfriend because they are going to be a husband one day, and you will be defrauding your brother or your sister. That is what he is talking about.

"For God hath not called us unto uncleanness, but unto holiness [cleanness]. He therefore that despiseth, despiseth not man, but God, who hath also given unto us his holy Spirit [if we do that we are actually despising God, because God has made this rule not us]. But as touching [notice, philadelphia] ye need not that I write unto you: for ye yourselves are taught of God to love one another." (I Thessalonians 4:7-9)

You have this even greater love which is agape, which is what is used where it says; 'love one another.' But the philadelphia is the context that leads into this section, it's this fact that you do not defraud somebody. It is a brotherly love for all, and we do not defraud one another by going and having illicit sexual relationships in any way. I Thessalonians 1:10:

"And indeed ye do it toward all the brethren which are in all Macedonia [you have this philadelphia]: but we beseech you, brethren, that ye increase more and more; And that ye study to be quiet, and to do your own business, and to work with your own hands, as we commanded you; That ye may walk honestly toward them that are without, and that ye may have lack of nothing." (I Thessalonians 4:10-12)

So here we see this word being used in that context. It is binding the very Church together, it's a brotherly love. It is certainly outgoing - it's the way of give, that is really what it is talking about, it is the way of give in a brotherly setting, a family setting.

Another one over in Hebrews 13:1, and these are all the places where you will find this particular word which is philadelphia being used. As I say, there are only five of them apart from the two places in Revelation which are referring to the actual place itself, here it says:

"Let brotherly love [or philadelphia] continue. Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares [have outgoing concern for strangers]. Remember them that are in bonds, as bound with them..." (Hebrews 13:1-3)

And that again gives us an insight into what this word means. That you feel for people that are bound by something. It doesn't mean just people that are in prison, although, I can think of one person in prison right now. Just imagine if you were in that position and therefore pray accordingly and we need to pray accordingly. We need to pray imagining what would we be like, because he is separated from his wife, from family. He is in there unjustly and so we should remember people. It says, remember that that are in bonds and other people are in bonds, they are bound by other things, be it sin or whatever. And we need to remember them. Remember the people in West Africa, people are in bonds there, they are under a Gentile rulership and Gentile rule is a type of bondage. Imagine ourselves as if in bonds with them. Hebrews 13:3:

"...and them which suffer adversity, as being yourselves also in the body." (Hebrews 13:3)

In other words; that we are there as they are. And this then puts additional emphasis within our prayers. So often we can go through this rote, go through this tick list of all these people we are praying for, just by our 'much speaking'. Yet that is not the way Christ said. He said you are not going to be heard by your much speaking. And this is the way in which you do it, by having this kind of leadership, by having this Philadelphian leadership, by imagining yourself in that position and having the right kind of approach, be it in prayer, be it in dealing with people because you can imagine yourselves in their shoes. Now that is quite a tall order when you start looking at it, it really is quite a tall order. Let's turn over to I Peter 1:16, we find here it talks about:

"Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy. [It talks about how we were redeemed verse 18] ...not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers; But with the precious blood of Christ...[Verse 22] Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren [or unfeigned philadelphia - that is the word being used], see that ye love [agape] one another with a pure heart fervently: Being [regenerated] not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever." (I Peter 1:16,18-19,22-23)

It then goes into the section about being living stones, a spiritual priesthood, a holy priesthood, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a peculiar people; and we are indeed. We are heading in that direction and we are to do so with this philadelphia, with this empathy for one another. And if we go into II Peter 1:5 it talks about how this aspect is to be increased:

"And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue [or this warrior-like courage] knowledge; And to knowledge temperance [or self-control]; and to temperance patience; and to patience godliness [or that godly nature]; And to godliness brotherly kindness [or philadelphia]; and to [philadelphia, agape]." (II Peter 1:5-7)

Agape is the pinnacle, but philadelphia is literally one step back. II Peter 1:8:

"For if these things be in you, and abound, they make you that ye shall neither be barren nor unfruitful..." (II Peter 1:8)

Agape is the 'top range' of love, but philadelphia is one step back and it is a brotherly, a family-based love. Now when we are looking at this form of brotherly love and kindly affection to one another, let me just read you what is in fact is mentioned within this particular book that I mentioned, 'Of Interest to Executives' it says:

"The ability to get along well with people is the prime attribute of a good executive. It is a necessity for all of us if we are to enjoy peace of mind."

So that is the prime. If we are going to be Philadelphian leaders in the world tomorrow we have got to learn to get on with each other. If we cannot get on with each other the chances are we will not be there; or it we are there we will be in a very menial position. Because God wants us to be teachers, and teachers have got to get on with those [they teach] - it is not just a teacher, it is a king-priest - and we must be able to get on with each other, it is so vitally important. If we have got problems within our marriages, within our homes, with our children, then we had better get them sorted out, because Philadelphian leadership - it is essential that we get on with each other. Another quote from this book about handling people, it says:

"If businesses fail because of poor management, why do managers fail? Seldom because of technical incompetence but mostly because a lack of skill in working with human beings. That is the problem on the world scene on the managerial front [it says]. A successful manager has learnt transfer power over people, into power with people."

Yes we will have power, but we have got to be serving the people that we are over. Yes, we will have incredible power in the future. But we have got to learn that now- "into power with people":

"He makes his workers want to do the right thing in the right way for the good of the company. He has patience with the inefficiency of men and women who are trying."

I thought that was very good, very good. And this is really why it was used. I don't know who wrote most of these letters. They are a compilation of these monthly letters and back in the 1950's I can almost guarantee that they had scriptural basis for their writing because it was probably goes back even into the 1940's I would have thought. And I would have thought that with most of the kind of dealing in this kind of area, they would go back to a scriptural basis at that time.

But I thought it was very good that he; "has patience with the inefficiency of men and women who are trying." And we do need to have that kind of patience. To godliness, this godly nature, add to godliness this philadelphia, this brotherly kindness. It is a case of putting ourselves into someone else's shoes as if bond with them, in their own bondage. It is something that we tend to find it difficult to do. Another quote from this book, it says:

"Of all the problems faced by an executive, the human problem far exceeds the mechanical and difficulty. It takes a big man of superior quality to be capable of treating little men so as to gain and retain their respect and affection. He is the sort of man who instead of climbing upon his fellow workers who he has pulled down, sets himself to help everyone around him in order that he may go up with them. No man has true power, poise, charm or good personality unless he has a genuine interest in people."

Philadelphia! Which is really what we are talking about. This is why I am calling this Bible Study 'Philadelphian Leadership.' It is leadership, yes; we are learning to be leaders, but it is a certain type of leadership. Only then can we be the kind of pillars that it seems that we are destined to be if we, in fact, hold fast what we have been taught. Turn over to John 15:11 it says:

"These things have I spoken unto you, that my joy might remain in you, and that your joy might be full. This is my commandment, That ye love one another, as I have loved you. Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends. Ye are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you." (John 15:11-14)

Christ was the leader, He was the leader but He laid down His life and He regarded those He was leading as His friends. As it says here: "No man has true power, poise, charm or good personality unless he has a genuine interest in people." It is on human terms, it is on a human basis, but remember Mr Armstrong used human experiences, human understanding in his own leadership role; to understand his own leadership role. And certainly this one where it says; "You are my friends..." (John 15:14). The word is 'philos', [Strong's 5384,] it is the same base that you have as philadelphia, or philia', philos.

If we look at a few other ones here. If we turn back to John 5:19, notice it says:

"Then answered Jesus and said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, The Son can do nothing of himself, but what he seeth the Father do: for what things soever he doeth, these also doeth the Son likewise. For the Father loveth the Son [this is philia here, Strong's G5368 it is family love, family concern], and sheweth him all things that himself doeth: and he will shew him greater works than these, that ye may marvel." (John 5:19-20)

So this family-like love is the love between God and also Jesus Christ. Over in John 16:26 we find that that also extends to us as well, it says:

"At that day ye shall ask in my name: and I say not unto you, that I will pray the Father for you: For the Father himself [philia] you [so this word philia from which we get philadelphia is being used in here, this family-like love, He is concerned for you], because ye have [philia] me, and have believed that I came out from God." (John 16:26-27)

So again you see this philia love between the family of God and when you are looking at Philadelphia it has got to be extant within this Church. It has got to be within this Church. If not, we are off track. We are missing the mark and part of getting back on track involves this Philadelphian leadership.

Turn over to Revelation 3:19, I want you to notice something. I wonder if you have ever even realised it before? But in Revelation 3 after it has been talking to Philadelphia, this Church of brotherly love, Christ then talks to Laodicea and it says:

"As many as I [philia], I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent [there is brotherly love there, Christ says]. Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him..." (Revelation 3:19-20)

And have this relationship with him, we need this relationship with God, we need a relationship with each other and it is based on a love, and it is a brotherly love. It is like a family. It is not the same kind of love as we have for the world at large - which is agape, it is unconditional outgoing nature. It is different, it is even higher in some ways than that. But this is a genuine feeling for each other. It is a feeling for each other in so far as if somebody hurts, you hurt with them because you imagine yourself in their shoes. Somebody's suffering - you suffer with them because you imagine yourself in their shoes. And it is something that we do need in a leadership role and it will carry us into the future.

Personal Development (PLAY FROM 37:03)

Let us have a look at some other aspects then, because one of the key aspects is the fact that it is going to have to be a personal development. Part of a leadership role is that we do need personal development. It is not just something that we do for other people, we have got to change ourselves, we have got to lead ourselves and in this section here, from this book again, under a chapter entitled: 'About Being a Leader', it talks about leaders having standards, it says:

"How do men get out in front and stay there? They raise the standards by which they judge themselves and by which they are willing to be judged. They raise their aim both for themselves and the group that they lead. They develop with energy their own knowledge and skill so as to reach the standards that they set."

So it is a case of a development of ourselves. Not tolerating within ourselves a mediocre performance in this area; because we do, we need to get on with each other, we need to make sure that the brotherly love is there within our families; within our marriages; within our own human relationships. And it is something that we do need. Another quote, it says:

"There is no power on earth, in school, in university or anywhere else that can take a clerk from his desk, or a mechanic from his bench and mould him into an executive. Self advancement, [notice SELF advancement], is powered by one's own institutive and perseverance. A man still has to do his own growing."

And we are the same way. If we are going to have the leadership roles in the future and we are developing that as part of being teachers now, we have got to be a self-starter. Turn over to I Corinthians 9:22 it is interesting that just before this he is talking about:

"To the weak became I as weak, that I might gain the weak: I am made all things to all men, that I might by all means save some [so he was indeed putting himself in another's shoes, trying to understand how they felt; verse 24]. Know ye not that they which run in a race run all, but one receiveth the prize? So run, that ye may obtain [that you do have a certain personal development as well]. And every man that striveth for the mastery is temperate in all things. Now they do it to obtain a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible [we are to be doing this, having this Philadelphian leadership from this point forward for eternity]. I therefore so run, not as uncertainly; so fight I, not as one that beateth the air: But I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection: lest that by any means, when I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway." (I Corinthians 9:22,24-27)

So there is this element of being a self-starter, of keeping on top of ourselves in that regard. Now in today's society there's quite a problem. It is interesting that this book here, if I can just make another quote from it, it makes quite an interesting quote:

"Young people who aspire to reach positions of leadership would be doing themselves a favour if they were to drill themselves in facing disagreeable things."

I don't think many books today would give us that kind of advice. To actually do something purely because it is disagreeable. Because we don't really want to do it. Be it weeding the garden, or whatever. It says:

"A philosopher advises all of us to do something occasionally for no other reason than we would rather not do it." Because it develops character, it is character development."

Now it is interesting, I was looking at the 'Saga' magazine, being an over 50. Saga magazine over here is for over 50's, and we have had it for a number of years actually, even though we weren't over 50. We got it when we were in our late 40's because we discovered it and it was quite an interesting magazine. It dealt quite a lot with the war, with the deprivations that people suffered at that time and it was a really interesting magazine. We just had a renewal through this morning asking us to renew our subscription and I don't think we will, in fact I am pretty sure we won't because it has changed. And the reason it has changed is because the over 50's have changed. We have now got us lot, the baby-boomers basically from the 1960's and it is a different type of generation. It is a generation that is self-centred.The editors themselves have changed. It is very different, it is all to do with pop-stars and soap operas and it is a load of rubbish quite frankly. Whereas before it was a really good magazine. It dealt with some really good worthwhile topics and overcoming adversity and all this type of thing. In fact it was quite useful for sermons in many cases.

But you know Laodicea is rich, increased with goods, in need of nothing, and we are developing a nation, and nations, within this western world which have never seen wars to speak of. Yes, there as been an odd wars but it has never come really home the way it used to. It is interesting that if you want to put in your notes Ezekiel 16:49 talks of Sodom in that way, the abundance of idleness, and the pride of Sodom was the problem.

"Behold, this was the iniquity of thy sister Sodom, pride, fulness of bread, and abundance of idleness was in her and in her daughters, neither did she strengthen the hand of the poor and needy."(Ezekiel 16:49). here:

Certainly as it says here, "The philosopher advises all of us to do something occasionally for no other reason than we would rather not do it so that it develops character."

Now that will go down like a lead balloon outside, and yet to a Philadelphian leader it would make sense. We have got to walk the way we are going to walk, come what may. It doesn't make any difference and looking into the future we are going to go through some quite severe trials, but nothing like the trials that will come on the Church in the Tribulation; and it is going to be on this lukewarm and lackadaisical attitude. Now which Church era we are individually, we don't know yet, we literally do not know yet. We would hope and aspire to being Philadelphia, but we don't know until we are actually at the point of the Tribulation starting - we will not know.

There is an interesting Arabic proverb which I have used before, which I think is very apt; "Too much sunshine makes a desert" and it really is a very apt proverb. That when you have life which is too good then you are a desert in a moral sense. Obviously, literally that is true as well, you get too much sunshine on something and it causes it to become a desert.

Talking about that, again coming from the Autobiograpy, coming from around page 236, where this Mr. Roger Babson, was at this commerce luncheon as the guest speaker and he said that there would be a depression, and he gave his reasons why he was able to do this and he said:

"...I looked at THE WAY people as a whole were dealing with one another. I looked to the SOURCE which determines future conditions. I have found that that source may be defined in terms of 'RIGHTEOUSNESS.' When 51% or more of the whole people are reasonably 'righteous' in their dealings with one another, we are heading into increasing prosperity. When 51% of the people become 'unrighteous' in their business dealings with their fellows, then we are headed for BAD TIMES ECONOMICALLY!" 'The Autobiography Chapter 12 '

Now, we have only got to look at today and people are 'unrighteous' in many, many areas. It is being propped up by technology, it is being propped up by clever methods but it means that the actual collapse is going to be that much greater. We have got to be a different type of leader. We have got to be developing as different types of leaders. We are leaders for the world tomorrow, we are looking for being teachers in that world tomorrow and our training ground is right now within our own homes and families and the work that we do and whatever else. Another quote from the book about committees, which is an interesting one:

"Decision by committee holds peril of another sort. There is no virtue in reaching a decision by yourself when there is a time and opportunity to consult others who have special knowledge. To do so would be to waste available talent."

Now Mr Armstrong continually would do this. He would ask advice of others, no question of that. As I mentioned before, I used to work in the gymnasium and one of my jobs was to keep the faculty locker room fridge up to scratch. If they use a beer or use a soft drink or whatever that had to be topped up. And Mr Armstrong would go in there and he would play 'Hearts' but he would also pick peoples' brains to try and get information from the rest - not just from a particular group but from the group of ministers and that is where, one of the places, and also the faculty dining room as well, where he would discuss and try and get information and feedback from people. It says:

"But no business can prosper under a debating society,"

And if you have seen a certain organisation, of which we were once part, that is very true, very, very true. You cannot prosper under a debating society. It doesn't work at all. You cannot have a committee running something. It has got to be somebody who has got the authority to make the decisions. But that person also needs to make sure that they are personally developing themselves but listening to others as well.

One point that I think could fall into this area, which I put into this area, that I think is a valid point, because sometimes I come across people who are really not very happy with their present life in one way or another. Happiness is part of personal development. And happiness does not come from achieving something. You might think that is does but it doesn't. It says here, coming to the book and I will back this up within scripture, it says:

"...if there is one point worth remembering more than another both by the aspiring young executive and by the man who has been through the mill it is this [and you listen to what he says]: the successful business leader gets more satisfaction from DOING a job than from COMPLETING the finished product."

It is the DOING that you gain satisfaction and happiness from. It is not standing there and looking back. Now there is something to be said, I must admit, for watching things grow. I like being out in the garden, I like watching things grow, but that is part of the doing as far as I am concerned. But there is a satisfaction. The satisfaction is the doing. Turn over to Ecclesiastes 2:11, if you have got a problem with unhappiness, we need to understand this, all of us do; happiness comes from doing, it does not come from accomplishing. You getting something or you are getting somewhere; you get your happiness out of actually doing something. Here is Solomon, he had accomplished enormous things, you can read the rest of the chapter, it says:

"Then I looked on all the works that my hands had wrought, and on the labour that I had laboured to do: and, behold, all was vanity and vexation of spirit, and there was no profit under the sun." (Ecclesiastes 2:11)

So here he was, he had arrived, he had contemplated the finished product - remember this quote I had taken from 'Of Interest to Executives'; but it says that is not how you get your happiness. Notice Ecclesiastes 2:22 says:

"For what hath man of all his labour, and of the vexation of his heart, wherein he hath laboured under the sun? For all his days are sorrows, and his travail grief [or his work is grief]; yea, his heart taketh not rest in the night. This is also vanity. There is nothing better for a man, than that he should eat and drink, and that he should make his soul enjoy good in his labour..." (Ecclesiastes 2:22-24)

It is in your actual work that you enjoy life. It is as your are working, you enjoy it. As you are doing. If you think that you are going to put off enjoyment if you have got children - if you put off enjoying those children until they are going to be 16, 17 or whatever, that is ridiculous. You enjoy your children now and you enjoy doing things together. The things that you look back on are the things that you did together. The time that you said, "Right - blow work - we'll go and get some old fertiliser sacks, fill them full of hay, we will go out in the snow, because it has been snowing today and we will be absolute mad idiots and go down the slope!" You do, you remember those things, those are the things you remember. Ecclesiastes 2:24:

"...he should make his soul enjoy good IN his labour. This also I saw, that it was from the hand of God." (Ecclesiastes 2:24)

Notice over in Ecclesiastes 3:12 says:

"I know that there is no good in them, but for a man to rejoice, and to do good in his life [as he is living]. And also that every man should eat and drink, and enjoy the good of all his labour, it is the gift of God." (Ecclesiastes 3:12-13)

It is the actual doing that gives us enjoyment. So our personal development, part of our personal development is learning this lesson. Part of the fact that we are going to be leaders in the future, Philadelphian leaders, instructing people in the future is to help them to learn this lesson, because this is the way God has enjoyment. He is filled with joy, joy forever more. In Ecclesiastes 3:22 as well it says:

"Wherefore I perceive that there is nothing better, than that a man should rejoice in his own works; for that is his portion: for who shall bring him to see what shall be after him?" (Ecclesiastes 3:22)

In other words, you come to the end of your days and that is not where you get your satisfaction from. You get your satisfaction from the time that you actively doing whatever it is that you are doing. Ecclesiastes 5:18:

"Behold that which I have seen: it is good and comely for one to eat and to drink, and to enjoy the good of all his labour that he taketh under the sun all the days of his life, which God giveth him: for it is his portion [it is the labour that gives the enjoyment]. Every man also to whom God hath given riches and wealth, and hath given him power to eat thereof, and to take his portion, and to rejoice in his labour; this is the gift of God." (Ecclesiastes 5:18-19)

So if any of us do have a problem and we feel we are miserable for whatever reason, this is the answer. We have got to learn that as Philadelphian leaders as well, because we have got to teach it. We have got to teach that part of the leadership that we are to be leading people with is that personal development and the fact that people get their enjoyment out of doing, out of their work. Not out of getting to somewhere or gaining something or having something or trying to get something. You cannot do it that way, that is not the way to do it. You get the enjoyment out of doing and living your life the way God intended. This is why the way of God is so great because it allows us to live our life without the repercussions.

Dealing With Others Now (PLAY FROM 55:02)

Right, Luke 22, as we go onto dealing with others now. We need to remember when we are dealing with other people, that we have got quite a specific example. But just before we read this section in Luke 22 I want to read another quote from this book, it says:

"You would not appoint a man to a managerial position if he was more interested in the question; 'WHO is right?' than in the question; 'WHAT is right?'"

Again some words of wisdom. You don't appoint anyone to a managerial position if 'who is right' is his main idea. Whether he is right, or they are right, whatever, that is not the point. What is right, what should we be doing, it is a group effort.

"The manger supervisor, foreman or person in command over people needs to be careful not to allow personalties to corrupt principles."

Now in Luke 22:24 there was a problem, and the problem if you notice it says:

"And there was also a strife among them, which of them should be accounted the greatest." (Luke 22:24)

Who is right? I am the greatest, no I am the big cheese, whoever it was. But it is who is right instead of what is right. What should we be doing to get there, that is what the important point is. Luke 22:25:

"And he said unto them, The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors." (Luke 22:25)

And you do see that in Gentile governments. Saddam Hussein was a benefactor, he went ahead and he gave the people some food, he gave the people stability within the country and he killed thousands. But you know he did get his stability. Hitler did the same. Hitler was looked upon as a benefactor. I remember my mother talking about a cook at the place where she was working as a governess, and this cook was German, and eventually she went back at the second World War. But her view of Hitler was that she almost worshipped the man because he gave stability into a country that was quite frankly in chaos; because of all the financial problems that were actually occurring in the country and he put people back to work, and he did, in fact, do this. Luke 22:26:

"But ye shall not be so: but he that is greatest among you, let him be as the younger [he behaves himself in a certain way]; and he that is chief, as he that doth serve. For whether is greater, he that sitteth at [food], or he that serveth? is not he that sitteth at [food]? but I am among you as he that serveth. Ye are they which have continued with me in my [trials]. And I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my Father hath appointed unto me; That ye may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel." (Luke 22:26-30)

So the context was always looking forward, they were to be leaders in the future. But they were to be leaders in the right way. It was not just a case of leadership, it was a case of the leadership in this way. Being as the younger, as one that serves. We talk about servant leadership but that is a babylonianized word, that is why I am calling it Philadelphian leadership. It is the same thing, but Philadelphian leadership is a leadership where you are concerned for those that you are leading. Those who you are working with - and it is a case of working with people. Turn over to John 13:2 we find that:

"And supper [having occurred is a better translation], the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him; Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he was come from God, and went to God [He was fully aware of His position within the future]; He riseth from supper, and laid aside his garments; and took a towel, and girded himself. After that he poureth water into a bason, and began to wash the disciples' feet..." (John 13:2-5)

He was the one among them as one that serves. Now when exactly those words were uttered in relationship to this is not absolutely clear but I would image it was all to do with the same thing. Luke 22 and John 13 can be read together. In verse 14 it says:

"If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another's feet. For I have given you an example, that ye should do as I have done to you. Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant [the slave] is not greater than his lord; neither he that is sent greater than he that sent him. If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do them." (John 13:14-17)

It is not just doing it at Passover once a year. It is an attitude of mind. It is a Philadelphian leadership that Christ exhibited. That He was amongst them as somebody who was serving. And in that same section He goes into John 13:34:

"A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another [that is the way you love one another, He was a Philadelphian leader, one with love for those that were His friends, His philios]. By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another." (John 13:34-35)

And if we are going to do a work and I am convinced that the Church of God will and it will be the Church of God that goes into a Place of Safety, is my personal feeling, I see that being the case. This is how people will know that we are part of that one Church. It is going to be a certain brotherly love that is there. We have got to work together. There has not got to be; "Who is higher, who is greater?" Because it doesn't work that way. Each of us have been given certain gifts and [we need to use them to serve] This is the way in which Christ led and we also need to make sure that we do the same. Another couple of quotes, it says:

"The purpose of all but little men, is not to dominate but to inspire. Not to strike fear into men, but to enlist their goodwill. Not to gain a point by fighting, but to win support by making people want to get behind the plan. [It mentions] If there is no other way to achieve a worthwhile purpose, then it might be necessary to lay down the law. Dogmatism is a powerful device when justifiably used; but it is a fighting weapon, not calculated to make friends."

When Christ returns and He puts to death all these people, I don't think it is a case of trying to win friends and influence people. Influence people yes, but it is not a case of winning friends, until they see the result of that. There is a time for that, but in the main, the scripture that talks about; "A bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench..." (Matthew 12:20). It is talking really of Christ at that [first] coming and He set us an example of the way we are to conduct our lives as well; this Philadelphian leadership is essential. Notice over in Luke 6:27, if I just read another quote it says:

"It is not enough to refrain from making unkind comments - we must try to find something pleasant to say in their place."

That is a comment from this book. But in Luke 6:27 I want you to notice:

"But I say unto you which hear, Love your enemies, do good to them which hate you [notice what it then says], Bless them [or good mouth them] that curse you, and pray for them which despitefully use you." (Luke 6:27-28)

It is not enough as it says here, just simply to refrain from saying anything, it is a case that you say something positive, and in that way build bridges. Now that is really far, far more difficult. But in this particular book, at the end of one of the chapters, almost at the end of the book actually, it says:

"And as was said in the first paragraph; that kind of public relationships is built on a few well known words. They make up the golden rule; 'as you would that men should do to you,' do you also to them likewise' or as we say in our shorter way; 'do as you would be done by'."

And that comes from Luke 6:31, it says:

"And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise." (Luke 6:31)

Even people in the world recognise the value of that. And yet that is this Philadelphian leadership. In dealing with others now we need to make sure we bear those things in mind.

Being Patient (PLAY FROM 1:05:30)

Part of the dealing with others now is a case of being patient. We read earlier on about "the word of my patience" - it is part of faith. Going back to that quote I read earlier which talked about it is not a case of WHO is right, it is WHAT is right! If we patiently continue doing what is right and we again going back to that quote which said that you are patient, you put up with people who are trying - and that doesn't mean trying in a negative way, testing in a negative way; but trying to do what is right. You make allowances for such people. That is part of faith, you trust God to work things out because you are doing what is right. We continue to do what is right, trusting God that He'll work it out because we are walking in His way. This is Philadelphian leadership. Learning these things that we need to learn at this time. If we go into being patient now, it is interesting, this quote, this particular letter, it says:

"A bustling manner and a commanding voice are not evidence of good leadership. The leader does not say; "Get going", he says, "Let's go." He leads all the way, always a step in front. As Wilferd A Peterson wrote in 'The 'Art of Living'; 'He carries a banner not a whip.'' A dictator may point with some justification to certain advantages in his system such as speed of action and vigour in execution but the factors against acceptance and dictatorship far outweigh the benefits. Instead of winning people to his side, the dictator plays upon feelings of unease, anger, apathy and despair. He has no friends, but who are friends for fear."

So again this is a carnal view of it but it is interesting. If we turn over to Galatians 6:1. When we are dealing with one another, if we find ourselves in a position of authority and whatever that position of authority may be, or position of leadership, it might not even be authority if might just be leadership. In some cases my wife will on occasion may lead even though she is not necessarily in authority as far as I am concerned, she will go in a certain direction. And I will think, right, that is the way it needs to go. So you can actually have leadership even if you are not in authority as such. Here it says:

"Brethren, if a man be overtaken in a fault, ye which are spiritual, restore such an one in the spirit of meekness; considering thyself, lest thou also be tempted [lest you also be tried and tested]. Bear ye one another's burdens, and so fulfil the law of Christ. For if a man think himself to be something, when he is nothing, he deceiveth himself. But let every man prove his own work, and then shall he have rejoicing in himself alone, and not in another." (Galatians 6:1-4)

It does give the indication that you consider yourself. If we are helping, if we are leading, we consider ourself. We lead, we don't drive. You don't get behind with a whip. Another interesting aspect as well that is brought out in looking at being patient, and being patient with people also. The couple of quotes that I would like to read here. One here says:

"The man who allows himself to appear in a hurry gives himself a needless handicap. The onlooker is likely to conclude the hurrying man has found his responsibilities too big for him. And to decide that he for his part is not going to be rushed into a decision reached in an environment of excitement."

This again is talking about executives in the world. But there is an element in there which is certainly scriptural, if you turn to Proverbs 14:29 it says:

"He that is slow to wrath is of great understanding: but he that is hasty of spirit exalteth folly." (Proverbs 14:29)

What I want you to notice, if somebody is hasty of spirit, somebody who is short of spirit, he is not patient basically, he doesn't allow things to unfold. "He that is slow to wrath is of great understanding: but he that is hasty of spirit exalteth folly." (Proverbs 14:29). I will just give you a number of other ones, Proverbs 21:5 says:

"The thoughts of the diligent [or the pointed, Strong's H2742, it is originally] tend only to plenteousness; but of every one that is hasty only to want." (Proverbs 21:5)

That is to 'need'. Another one you can jot down, Proverbs 29:20:

"Seest thou a man that is hasty in his words? there is more hope of a fool than of him." (Proverbs 29:20)

And Ecclesiastes 7:9:

"Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry: for anger resteth in the bosom of fools." (Ecclesiastes 7:9)

And this concept of being in a hurry, again there is another section that is mentioned, it says:

"One of the great marks of a good executive is the ease with which he performs his duty. The man in a hurry shows the thing he is tackling is too big for him. It is the lazy or inefficient man who is always too busy to listen."

So often we can think, oh well, we make this aura of being so busy and we as parents also must understand this, and grandparents. It is a lazy or inefficient person who is always too busy to listen. I count myself in there. You do, you are too busy, you have your mind on other things, well, you should have been organised. You need to get organised:

"Hurry is wearing on the body and nerves too, no matter how high the pressure may be it is well, once in a while, to apply the brakes."

And you can go and find how Christ did that. He went off into the wilderness and He went and applied the brakes. He went off by Himself, got some prayer in, and so on. He took time off, we need that time off as well. So Philadelphian leadership where our mind is on other people, where our mind is putting ourselves in other peoples' shoes and getting ourselves organised so that we can do that - it does involve being patient now. It does involve having that kind of patience.

Being Faithful Now (PLAY FROM 1:13:08)

It also involves being faithful now in the things that are small. If you turn over to Luke 16:8 it gives this parable of the steward who wasted his goods in verse 1 and this unjust steward did wisely, it talks about:

"...the children of this world are in their generation wiser than the children of light [this is certainly what we can learn from this kind of material]. And I say unto you, Make to yourselves friends of the mammon of unrighteousness; that, when ye fail [when you die], they [the friends] may receive you into everlasting habitations [it looks as if friendships may well last into the future]. He that is faithful in that which is least is faithful also in much: and he that is unjust in the least is unjust also in much." (Luke 16:8-10)

Now again making a quote from this book, it says:

"What counts in a man's life is the number of opportunities that he grasps. Small men waste their time looking for big opportunities without preparing effectively to capture them when they do come within reach. The big man uses his time taking advantage of the little ones as they come along."

And that again is true. So this Philadelphian leadership, the areas of leadership that we have at the moment, as I said, sometimes, my wife may not be in authority over me but she can lead. She can see something, where I am going in a wrong direction and she will point something out to me and lead. And in that way, regarding herself less she also is tempted, is also tried. We all of us have positions of leadership, where we can see something that needs to be done. Now she is under authority under me and if I say; "No, I want to do this, that or the other, then fine." But there is position of leadership even when you are not in authority as such.

Certainly on ourselves, in our families, both in our children and our grandchildren, over our animals, we also have leadership, have a certain role to play. In the work place, where we are at work. We have a role to play with our neighbours. We don't have to just go along with just the way the neighbours are going. We don't have to go along with our friends at school or whatever, young people. Also in Church responsibilities as well. As we read over in Romans 12:6:

"Having then gifts differing according to the grace that is given to us, whether prophecy, let us prophesy according to the proportion of faith; Or ministry, let us wait on our ministering: or he that teacheth, on teaching; Or he that exhorteth..." (Romans 12:6-8)

In other words wherever we have an opportunity, work in that area. If you are looking after tables, at Church or whatever, then do that. Do not feel that you are wanting to be a deacon, looking after some other responsibility. If you are a deacon make sure you work as a deacon, not looking constantly to being an elder. If you are an elder, as a pastor, look as far as pastoring the Church, not constantly wanting to go off and replace Mr Armstrong, or something like that, which is unfortunately what a lot of people are doing these days. They really are. We don't replace Mr Armstrong. Mr Armstrong was the apostle for our time and my responsibility is to pastor the Church. To look after the people and also to support what Mr Armstrong did before. The same role that I had years ago.

So Church responsibilities, we need to be faithful now in the small areas that we can, in fact, be faithful in the future. It is interesting also that within these smaller areas, if I can just read a quotation from, 'Being a Department Head,' it says:

"Everyone finds himself in the role of leadership at one time or another, as parent, teacher, foreman or manager [all of us do to one degree or another]. The principles are fundamentally the same whether you are managing an army, a nation, a branch of a great business enterprise, or a suburban home; they are all the same."

The basic fundamental principles, and this is why God allows us learn the principles of effective Philadelphian leadership within this present human life. Because the principles will then go forward with us into the future and we will actually be able to use them in the future.

The Future (PLAY FROM 1:18:45)

Turn over to Revelation 22:12 because our future role, that's what it is all about, says:

"And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be." (Revelation 22:12)

We are rewarded by our works. In other words if we do not get to grips with this type of leadership, this godly Philadelphian type of leadership we will not have the kind of position. We will not be entrusted with that type of position and we learn it in our homes, we learn it in our local communities, we learn it in the Church areas wherever we are, in whatever we are given to do. We must do that with our might, we must do it according to God's way. According to the principles of genuine feeling for one another. Feeling for, it is a Philadelphian feeling. "And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be." (Revelation 22:12). Just put in your notes, I will just read them off one after another, II Timothy 3:16:

"All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works." (II Timothy 3:16-17)

In other words, scripture is so that we may have good works. So good works are involved. Another one you can put down in your notes which is all tied in with this role of being rewarded according to our works is Matthew 16:27:

"For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works." (Matthew 16:27)

Another one you can put down. I Peter 1:17:

"And if ye call on the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man's work, pass the time of your sojourning here in fear:" (I Peter 1:17)

In other words, we fear to do what is wrong because we are going to be judged according to our works. That's what it says. The final one in this section Luke 14:14:

"And thou shalt be blessed; for they cannot recompense thee: for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just." (Luke 14:14)

In other words if you invite somebody over, if you do qualify, if we have this Philadelphian leadership then we will be recompensed at the resurrection of the just. Turn back a page to Revelation 20:4 and just remind ourselves what it is all about, it says:

"And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years." (Revelation 20:4)

Now we have read about Laodicea receiving a high reward, and they will. They will have a reward of rulership and it says that judgement was given to them. In other words, they were rewarded according to their works. Revelation 20:5:

"But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection [which is what we are aspiring to]: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years." (Revelation 20:5-6)

The priests were the teachers, we are to be teachers. We are to be leaders and the type of leadership we must have is a Philadelphian type of leadership. It is not just the leadership of this world, it is a certain type. Isaiah 30:18 - this is why we are doing what we are doing; and even in the future we will be teaching people who will be used to be teachers themselves. We are the first group of teachers. We are teaching the teachers. I am teaching the teachers that will teach the teachers:

"And therefore will the [Eternal] wait, that he may be gracious unto you, and therefore will he be exalted, that he may have mercy upon you: for the [Eternal] is a God of judgment: blessed are all they that wait for him. For the people [talking about Israel, verse 12 talks about the Holy One of Israel, and remember; "Therefore this iniquity shall be to you as a breach ready to fall, swelling out in a high wall..." (Isaiah 30:13) it is talking to Israel]... the people shall dwell in Zion at Jerusalem [Israel will eventually dwell in Zion, now Zion is the Church, and it is Zion in Jerusalem where]: thou shalt weep no more: he will be very gracious unto thee at the voice of thy cry; when he shall hear it, he will answer thee. And though the [Eternal] give you the bread of adversity, and the water of affliction, yet shall not thy teachers be removed into a corner any more, but thine eyes shall see thy teachers:" (Isaiah 30:18-20)

Now those teachers are going to be us. They are going to be us. And if it is going to be the people who in fact are dead as a result the problems, going into the second resurrection, it will be those that we train. It will be those that we train. Isaiah 30:31:

"And thine ears shall hear a word behind thee, saying, This is the way, walk ye in it, when ye turn to the right hand, and when ye turn to the left." (Isaiah 30:21)

Now we need to learn how to be that type of leader so that we can fulfil our role. So that we can help others fulfil their role in the future. That is the purpose of our calling and this Philadelphian leadership is a subject which I have just scratched the surface of and yet it is a subject which is utterly vital for every single one of us at this time.